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脱落酸功能类似物萘酮戊酸对葡萄着色与品质提升的影响

王涛 丁珊珊 韩小强 张莉 汤显军 李晓斌 梁更生 高志成 李佳奇 覃兆海

王涛, 丁珊珊, 韩小强, 张莉, 汤显军, 李晓斌, 梁更生, 高志成, 李佳奇, 覃兆海. 脱落酸功能类似物萘酮戊酸对葡萄着色与品质提升的影响[J]. 农药学学报. doi: 10.16801/j.issn.1008-7303.2022.0007
引用本文: 王涛, 丁珊珊, 韩小强, 张莉, 汤显军, 李晓斌, 梁更生, 高志成, 李佳奇, 覃兆海. 脱落酸功能类似物萘酮戊酸对葡萄着色与品质提升的影响[J]. 农药学学报. doi: 10.16801/j.issn.1008-7303.2022.0007
WANG Tao, DING Shanshan, HAN Xiaoqiang, ZHANG Li, TANG Xianjun, LI Xiaobin, LIANG Gengsheng, GAO Zhicheng, LI Jiaqi, QIN Zhaohai. Influence of ABA functional analog natenpac on grape coloring and quality improvement[J]. Chinese Journal of Pesticide Science. doi: 10.16801/j.issn.1008-7303.2022.0007
Citation: WANG Tao, DING Shanshan, HAN Xiaoqiang, ZHANG Li, TANG Xianjun, LI Xiaobin, LIANG Gengsheng, GAO Zhicheng, LI Jiaqi, QIN Zhaohai. Influence of ABA functional analog natenpac on grape coloring and quality improvement[J]. Chinese Journal of Pesticide Science. doi: 10.16801/j.issn.1008-7303.2022.0007

脱落酸功能类似物萘酮戊酸对葡萄着色与品质提升的影响

doi: 10.16801/j.issn.1008-7303.2022.0007
基金项目: “十三五”国家重点研发计划资助项目(2017YFD0201303).
详细信息
    作者简介:

    王涛,3031443833@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    覃兆海,qinzhaohai@263.net.

  • 中图分类号: S482.8

Influence of ABA functional analog natenpac on grape coloring and quality improvement

Funds: grants from the National Key R&D Program (2017YFD0201303).
  • 摘要: 葡萄着色是葡萄生长过程中的重要环节,对葡萄品质有极为重要的影响。本文以9年生弗雷葡萄品种为对象,研究了新型脱落酸功能类似物萘酮戊酸(natenpac)对田间葡萄果实着色及品质提升的影响。在果实着色初期,以萘酮戊酸有效成分2、5、10 mg/L 3个质量浓度梯度分别进行叶面喷雾、灌根或浸果处理,以清水处理为空白对照。通过对果实平均横径、颜色、单果重等表观变化以及可溶性固形物、花青素、可溶性糖含量等内在品质的变化进行综合分析,以确定最佳的施药方式和浓度。结果表明:以叶面喷雾和灌根处理,萘酮戊酸可使弗雷葡萄较对照提前7~10 d完成着色,显著提高了果实中可溶性固形物含量和着色程度,同时浆果横径和单果重也略有提高。不同处理方式对使用效果影响显著,灌根和叶面喷雾效果优于浸果,其中以叶面喷雾2 mg/L的处理效果最佳。本研究明确了萘酮戊酸对弗雷葡萄的最佳施药方式和浓度,可为指导萘酮戊酸在葡萄着色中的田间应用提供依据。
  • 1  萘酮戊酸结构式

    1.  Structural formula of natenpac

    图  1  不同浓度萘酮戊酸处理对葡萄色泽指数的影响

    Figure  1.  Effect of different concentrations of natenpac on the color index of grapes

    图  2  不同浓度萘酮戊酸对葡萄横径的影响

    Figure  2.  Effect of different concentrations of natenpac on the transverse diameter of grapes

    图  3  不同浓度萘酮戊酸对葡萄单果重的影响

    Figure  3.  Effect of different concentrations of natenpac on single fruit weight of grapes

    图  4  不同萘酮戊酸浓度对葡萄可溶性固形物含量的影响

    Figure  4.  Effect of different concentrations of natenpac on the soluble solid content of grapes

    图  5  不同浓度萘酮戊酸对葡萄花青素含量的影响

    Figure  5.  Effect of different concentrations of natenpac on grape anthocyanin content

    图  6  不同浓度萘酮戊酸对可溶性糖含量的影响

    Figure  6.  Effect of different concentrations of natenpac on soluble sugar content

    表  1  不同处理下弗雷葡萄浆果的颜色变化

    Table  1.   Color changes of Frey grape berries under different treatments

    处理方式
    Treatment
    mode
    有效成分
    Active ingredients/
    (mg/L)
    取样时间
    Sampling time/d
    048121620
    空白对照
    CK
    0
    叶面喷雾
    Foliar spraying
    2
    5
    10
    灌根
    Root Irrigation
    2
    5
    10
    浸果
    Fruit soaking
    2
    5
    10
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  萘酮戊酸对葡萄表观指标的影响

    Table  2.   Effect of natenpac on quality indicators of grapes

    处理方式  
    Treatment mode  
    横径
    Transverse diameter/mm
    单果重
    Weight per fruit/g
    色泽指数
    CIRG
    叶面喷雾 Foliar spraying 2 mg/L 16.45 ± 0.38 a 2.84 ± 0.17 a 5.19 ± 0.14 a
    叶面喷雾 Foliar spraying 5 mg/L 15.66 ± 0.51 b 2.43 ± 0.20 bc 5.25 ± 0.18 a
    叶面喷雾 Foliar spraying 10 mg/L 15.77 ± 0.23 b 2.56 ± 0.10 b 4.89 ± 0.09 b
    灌根 Root irrigation 2 mg/L 15.82 ± 0.13 b 2.45 ± 0.19 bc 4.59 ± 0.12 c
    灌根 Root irrigation 5 mg/L 15.76 ± 0.30 b 2.35 ± 0.14 bc 5.03 ± 0.10 ab
    灌根 Root irrigation 10 mg/L 15.70 ± 0.24 b 2.45 ± 0.12 bc 4.89 ± 0.12 b
    浸果 Fruit soaking 2 mg/L 15.83 ± 0.07 b 2.46 ± 0.03 bc 4.25 ± 0.07 d
    浸果 Fruit soaking 5 mg/L 15.76 ± 0.19 b 2.52 ± 0.14 bc 4.58 ± 0.23 c
    浸果 Fruit soaking 10 mg/L 15.66 ± 0.16 b 2.36 ± 0.07 bc 4.65 ± 0.15 c
    CK 15.62 ± 0.15 b 2.34 ± 0.11 c 4.42 ± 0.19 cd
    注:表2为处理后20 d葡萄各指标变化。同列不同小写字母表示在 0.05 水平上差异显著。Note: Table 2 shows the changes of each index of the grape 20 days after treatments. Different lowercase letters in the same column indicate significant differences at the 0.05 level.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  萘酮戊酸对葡萄内在指标的影响

    Table  3.   Effect of natenpac on grape internal indexes

    处理方式
    Treatment mode
    可溶性固形物含量
    Soluble solid content/%
    花青素含量
    Anthocyanin content/(μg/g)
    可溶性糖含量
    Soluble sugar content/ (μg/g)
    叶面喷雾 Foliar spraying 2 mg/L 17.08 ± 0.39 2.56 ± 0.07 202.97 ± 3.55
    叶面喷雾 Foliar spraying 5 mg/L 18.00 ± 0.45 2.49 ± 0.32 233.96 ± 11.66
    叶面喷雾 Foliar spraying 10 mg/L 16.78 ± 0.19 2.43 ± 0.13 227.68 ± 10.71
    灌根 Root irrigation 2 mg/L 16.52 ± 0.36 2.28 ± 0.17 242.43 ± 18.94
    灌根 Root irrigation 5 mg/L 17.50 ± 0.31 2.35 ± 0.11 253.87 ± 21.85
    灌根 Root irrigation 10 mg/L 17.70 ± 0.45 2.48 ± 0.24 259.08 ± 20.84
    浸果 Fruit soaking 2 mg/L 16.58 ± 0.54 2.23 ± 0.17 193.87 ± 21.52
    浸果 Fruit soaking 5 mg/L 16.88 ± 0.27 2.33 ± 0.18 182.90 ± 17.54
    浸果 Fruit soaking 10 mg/L 17.64 ± 0.47 2.27 ± 0.14 191.59 ± 14.14
    CK 15.54 ± 0.52 2.28 ± 0.13 192.26 ± 11.62
    注:表3为第20天时葡萄各指标变化。Note: Table 3 shows the changes of each index 20 days after treatments.
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-11-15
  • 录用日期:  2022-01-20
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-04-21

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