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两种喷雾助剂对噻虫嗪防治豇豆上蓟马的减施增效作用

王潇楠 王思威 常虹 顾燕萍 刘艳萍

王潇楠, 王思威, 常虹, 顾燕萍, 刘艳萍. 两种喷雾助剂对噻虫嗪防治豇豆上蓟马的减施增效作用[J]. 农药学学报, 2022, 24(2): 368-375. doi: 10.16801/j.issn.1008-7303.2022.0015
引用本文: 王潇楠, 王思威, 常虹, 顾燕萍, 刘艳萍. 两种喷雾助剂对噻虫嗪防治豇豆上蓟马的减施增效作用[J]. 农药学学报, 2022, 24(2): 368-375. doi: 10.16801/j.issn.1008-7303.2022.0015
WANG Xiaonan, WANG Siwei, CHANG Hong, GU Yanping, LIU Yanping. Synergistic effect of two spray adjuvants on thiamethoxam in the control of Megalurothrips usitatus in cowpea[J]. Chinese Journal of Pesticide Science, 2022, 24(2): 368-375. doi: 10.16801/j.issn.1008-7303.2022.0015
Citation: WANG Xiaonan, WANG Siwei, CHANG Hong, GU Yanping, LIU Yanping. Synergistic effect of two spray adjuvants on thiamethoxam in the control of Megalurothrips usitatus in cowpea[J]. Chinese Journal of Pesticide Science, 2022, 24(2): 368-375. doi: 10.16801/j.issn.1008-7303.2022.0015

两种喷雾助剂对噻虫嗪防治豇豆上蓟马的减施增效作用

doi: 10.16801/j.issn.1008-7303.2022.0015
基金项目: 国家重点研发计划 (2017YFD0200305);广东省农业科学院低碳农业与碳中和研究中心资助项目 (202146);广东省农业科学院科技创新战略专项资金青年导师制基金 (R2018QD-065)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    王潇楠,404694775@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    刘艳萍,liuliuyp@tom.com.

  • 中图分类号: TQ450.45;S482.3

Synergistic effect of two spray adjuvants on thiamethoxam in the control of Megalurothrips usitatus in cowpea

Funds: the National Key Research and Development Program of China (2017YFD0200305); the Low Carbon Agriculture and Carbon Neutralization Research Center, GDAAS (202146); the Youth Tutorial Program of Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Sciences (R2018QD-065)
  • 摘要: 为探索有机硅助剂Silwet stik和植物油助剂迈丝对噻虫嗪防治豇豆上蓟马 Megalurothrips usitatus的效果及其残留行为的影响,通过田间试验,比较了25%噻虫嗪水分散粒剂 (WG) 在登记剂量和减量10%、20%、30%条件下分别添加两种助剂后5 d和7 d的防效,以及施药后噻虫嗪及其代谢物噻虫胺在豇豆上的消解动态与残留量。豇豆样品采用乙腈提取,经N-丙基乙二胺 (PSA) 净化,高效液相色谱-串联质谱 (HPLC-MS/MS) 检测,外标法定量。田间试验结果显示:添加体积分数0.4% 的Silwet stik和0.5% 的迈丝助剂均能显著增加噻虫嗪在豇豆上的原始沉积量;施用25%噻虫嗪WG后7 d,添加助剂Silwet stik或迈丝的处理对豇豆上蓟马的防治效果均显著高于未添加助剂的处理,分别提高了8.84%和6.58%;登记剂量减少10%~30%情况下,添加Silwet stik或迈丝,施药5 d后的防效均高于未添加助剂的处理,分别提高4.04%~8.55%和10.37%~12.25%。研究表明,添加Silwet stik和迈丝两种助剂均能提高噻虫嗪在豇豆上的沉积量,提高对豇豆上蓟马的防治效果。结果可为噻虫嗪防治豇豆上蓟马的科学使用提供依据。
  • 图  1  豇豆空白样品及添加0.01 mg/kg噻虫嗪和噻虫胺的典型图谱

    Figure  1.  Typical chromatograms of thiamethoxam and clothianidin in blank and spiked (0.01mg/kg) cowpea

    表  1  药效与残留田间试验设计

    Table  1.   Design of efficacy test and residue test

    处理
    Treatment
    有效成分施药剂量
    Application dose,
    a.i./(g/hm2)
    药效调查时间
    Time of efficacy
    investigation/
    d
    残留采样间隔期
    Time of residue
    sampling interval/
    d
    登记剂量
    Registration dose
    75 5, 7 0 (2 h), 1, 3, 5, 7, 10
    登记剂量 + 0.4% Silwet stik
    Registration dose + 0.4% Silwet stik
    75
    90% 登记剂量 + 0.4% Silwet stik
    90% registration dose + 0.4% Silwet stik
    67.5
    80% 登记剂量 + 0.4% Silwet stik
    80% registration dose + 0.4% Silwet stik
    60
    70% 登记剂量 + 0.4% Silwet stik
    70% registration dose + 0.4% Silwet stik
    52.5
    登记剂量 + 0.5% 迈丝
    Registration dose + 0.5% Maisi
    75
    90% 登记剂量 + 0.5% 迈丝
    90% registration dose + 0.5% Maisi
    67.5
    80% 登记剂量 + 0.5% 迈丝
    80% registration dose + 0.5% Maisi
    60
    70% 登记剂量 + 0.5% 迈丝
    70% registration dose + 0.5% Maisi
    52.5
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  噻虫嗪和噻虫胺质谱测定参数

    Table  2.   MS parameters for the detection of thiamethoxam and clothianidin

    农药
    Pesticide
    定量离子对
    Quantitative ion pair, m/z
    定性离子对
    Qualitative ion pair, m/z
    驻留时间
    Dwell time/ms
    Q1 预杆偏差
    Q1 pre bias/V
    碰撞能量
    CE/eV
    Q3 预杆偏差
    Q3 pre bias/V
    噻虫嗪 thiamethoxam292.00>211.10292.00>211.1050.0−15.0−12.0−22.0
    292.00>181.1550.0−22.0−21.0−19.0
    噻虫胺 clothianidin250.10>169.10250.10>169.1050.0−17.0−12.0−17.0
    250.10>132.0550.0−27.0−15.0−25.0
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  噻虫嗪和噻虫胺在豇豆样品中的添加回收率及相对标准偏差(n=5)

    Table  3.   Average recovery, relative standard deviation of thiamethoxam and clothianidin in cowpea (n=5)

    农药
    Pesticide
    添加水平
    Spiked level/(mg/kg)
    平均回收率
    Average recovery/%
    相对标准偏差
    RSD/%
    噻虫嗪
    thiamethoxam
    0.01 101 2.8
    0.1 96 3.5
    1 89 4.3
    噻虫胺
    clothianidin
    0.01 86 3.6
    0.1 91 4.5
    1 95 5.1
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  25%噻虫嗪水分散粒剂对豇豆上蓟马的田间防治效果

    Table  4.   Result of field trial test of 25% thiamethoxam WG against Megalurothrips usitatus in cowpea

    处理
    Treatment
    施药前虫口基数
    Population base before application
    5 d 7 d
    残虫数
    No. of insects
    防效
    Control efficacy/%
    残虫数
    No. of insects
    防效
    Control efficacy/%
    登记剂量
    Registration dose
    146 87 69.34±5.43 a 87 77.61±7.79 ab
    登记剂量 + 0.4% Silwet stik
    Registration dose + 0.4% Silwet stik
    147 45 81.25±3.66 abc 48 86.45±8.39 c
    90% 登记剂量 + 0.4% Silwet stik
    90% Registration dose + 0.4% Silwet stik
    115 54 73.38±12.32 abc 66 76.93±1.34 ab
    80% 登记剂量 + 0.4% Silwet stik
    80% Registration dose + 0.4% Silwet stik
    126 54 77.89±4.22 abc 78 75.23±9.17 ab
    70% 登记剂量 + 0.4% Silwet stik
    70% Registration dose + 0.4% Silwet stik
    144 70 74.98±3.54 abc 99 72.19±3.58 a
    登记剂量 + 0.5% 迈丝
    Registration dose + 0.5% Maisi
    133 41 84.33±7.10 bc 52 84.19±2.65 c
    90% 登记剂量 + 0.5% 迈丝
    90% Registration dose + 0.5% Maisi
    149 45 81.59±2.91 abc 66 81.61±6.04 bc
    80% 登记剂量 + 0.5% 迈丝
    80% Registration dose + 0.5% Maisi
    142 55 79.71±12.31 abc 80 78.16±5.02 ab
    70% 登记剂量 + 0.5% 迈丝
    70% Registration dose + 0.5% Maisi
    145 51 81.08±12.71 abc 82 74.74±12.61 ab
    注:表中数据为平均值±标准差 (n = 5)。同列数据后不同小写字母表示差异显著 (P<0.05)。
    Notes: Data in the table are mean±SD (n = 5). Different lowercase letters indicate significant difference among the same column data (P<0.05).
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  噻虫嗪在豇豆中的消解动力学参数

    Table  5.   Dissipation kinetic parameters of thiamethoxam in cowpea

    处理
    Treatment
    原始沉积量
    Original residue/(mg/kg)
    消解动态方程
    Dissipation dynamics equation
    相关系数
    Correlation coefficient, r
    半衰期
    Half-life
    /d
    登记剂量
    Registration dose
    0.64±0.07 a ct = 0.9422e−0.435t 0.9626 1.6
    登记剂量 + 0.4% Silwet stik
    Registration dose + 0.4% Silwet stik
    0.99±0.16 c ct =0.9182e−0.432t 0.9800 1.6
    90% 登记剂量 + 0.4% Silwet stik
    90% registration dose + 0.4% Silwet stik
    0.82±0.10 b ct = 0.9006e−0.316t 0.9789 2.2
    80% 登记剂量 + 0.4% Silwet stik
    80% registration dose + 0.4% Silwet stik
    0.67±0.09 ab ct = 0.7306e−0.370t 0.9754 1.9
    70% 登记剂量 + 0.4% Silwet stik
    70% registration dose + 0.4% Silwet stik
    0.60±0.10 a ct = 0.7105e−0.434t 0.9529 1.6
    登记剂量 + 0.5% 迈丝
    Registration dose + 0.5% Maisi
    0.91±0.07 b ct =0.8318e−0.302t 0.9611 2.3
    90% 登记剂量 + 0.5% 迈丝
    90% registration dose + 0.5% Maisi
    0.66±0.08 ab ct=0.8303e−0.422t 0.9707 1.6
    80% 登记剂量 + 0.5% 迈丝
    80% registration dose + 0.5% Maisi
    0.62±0.07 a ct =0.7036e−0.410t 0.9901 1.7
    70% 登记剂量 + 0.5% 迈丝
    70% registration dose + 0.5% Maisi
    0.53±0.06 a ct =0.6774e−0.412t 0.9645 1.7
    注:表中数据为平均值±标准差 (n = 3)。同列数据后不同小写字母表示差异显著 (P<0.05)。Notes: Data in the table are mean±SD (n = 3). Different lowercase letters indicate significant difference among the same column data (P<0.05).
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  6  噻虫嗪和噻虫胺在豇豆中的最终残留

    Table  6.   The terminal residue of thiamethoxam & clothianidin in cowpea

    处理
    Treatment
    残留量 Residues/(mg/kg)
    药后 3 d
    3 d after treatment
    药后 5 d
    5 d after treatment
    噻虫嗪
    thiamethoxam
    噻虫胺
    clothianidin
    噻虫嗪
    thiamethoxam
    噻虫胺
    clothianidin
    登记剂量
    Registration dose
    0.422±0.014 0.011±0.001 0.138±0.022 <0.01
    登记剂量 + 0.4% Silwet stik
    Registration dose + 0.4% Silwet stik
    0.297±0.023 0.033±0.004 0.131±0.020 <0.01
    90% 登记剂量 + 0.4% Silwet stik
    90% registration dose + 0.4% Silwet stik
    0.355±0.015 0.011±0.002 0.202±0.007 <0.01
    80% 登记剂量 + 0.4% Silwet stik
    80% registration dose + 0.4% Silwet stik
    0.336±0.022 0.011±0.003 0.123±0.010 <0.01
    70% 登记剂量 + 0.4% Silwet stik
    70% registration dose + 0.4% Silwet stik
    0.293±0.021 0.012±0.003 0.124±0.005 <0.01
    登记剂量 + 0.5% 迈丝
    Registration dose + 0.5% Maisi
    0.325±0.015 0.011±0.003 0.223±0.008 <0.01
    90% 登记剂量 + 0.5% 迈丝
    90% registration dose + 0.5% Maisi
    0.339±0.016 0.012±0.004 0.144±0.011 <0.01
    80% 登记剂量 + 0.5% 迈丝
    80% registration dose + 0.5% Maisi
    0.211±0.010 0.011±0.004 0.123±0.007 <0.01
    70% 登记剂量 + 0.5% 迈丝
    70% registration dose + 0.5% Maisi
    0.323±0.018 0.009±0.003 0.121±0.006 <0.01
    注:表中数据为平均值±标准差 (n = 3)。Note: Data in the table are mean±SD (n = 3).
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-04-07
  • 录用日期:  2022-01-25
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-03-07
  • 刊出日期:  2022-04-01

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