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低剂量啶虫脒和双丙环虫酯对棉蚜茧蜂寄生功能的影响

张亮 吕海翔 石丹丹 李旭超 马康生

张亮, 吕海翔, 石丹丹, 李旭超, 马康生. 低剂量啶虫脒和双丙环虫酯对棉蚜茧蜂寄生功能的影响[J]. 农药学学报. doi: 10.16801/j.issn.1008-7303.2022.0058
引用本文: 张亮, 吕海翔, 石丹丹, 李旭超, 马康生. 低剂量啶虫脒和双丙环虫酯对棉蚜茧蜂寄生功能的影响[J]. 农药学学报. doi: 10.16801/j.issn.1008-7303.2022.0058
ZHANG Liang, LV Haixiang, SHI Dandan, LI Xuchao, MA Kangsheng. Effects of low doses of acetamiprid and afidopyropen on the parasitic function of Lysiphlebia japonica (Ashmead)[J]. Chinese Journal of Pesticide Science. doi: 10.16801/j.issn.1008-7303.2022.0058
Citation: ZHANG Liang, LV Haixiang, SHI Dandan, LI Xuchao, MA Kangsheng. Effects of low doses of acetamiprid and afidopyropen on the parasitic function of Lysiphlebia japonica (Ashmead)[J]. Chinese Journal of Pesticide Science. doi: 10.16801/j.issn.1008-7303.2022.0058

低剂量啶虫脒和双丙环虫酯对棉蚜茧蜂寄生功能的影响

doi: 10.16801/j.issn.1008-7303.2022.0058
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金 (32172446);中央高校基本科研业务费专项基金 (2662019QD052).
详细信息
    作者简介:

    张亮,13349832924@163.com

    通讯作者:

    马康生,kangshengma@mail.hzau.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TQ450.26;S482.3

Effects of low doses of acetamiprid and afidopyropen on the parasitic function of Lysiphlebia japonica (Ashmead)

  • 摘要: 为明确低剂量化学杀虫剂对寄生性天敌昆虫的影响,以棉蚜茧蜂为对象,测定了常用杀虫剂啶虫脒和新型杀虫剂双丙环虫酯在LC5和LC30剂量下对棉蚜茧蜂寄生功能反应的影响。结果表明:啶虫脒和双丙环虫酯对棉蚜的LC50值分别为442.6和1.67 mg/L,对棉蚜茧蜂的LD50值分别为0.007和20.58 μg/cm2。经低剂量的2种杀虫剂处理后,棉蚜茧蜂寄生量与棉蚜密度呈负加速曲线,随棉蚜密度的增加棉蚜茧蜂寄生量逐渐增大,最终趋于平缓。模型拟合结果表明,寄生功能反应模型的基本结构仍然属于Holling-Ⅱ模型,但模型的各项参数均发生了改变。在棉蚜密度为20、40和100 头/皿时,除LC5剂量双丙环虫酯处理棉蚜 (间接处理) 组棉蚜茧蜂的寄生量与对照组无显著差异外,其他各药剂处理组的寄生量均显著低于对照组,其中LD30剂量啶虫脒直接处理棉蚜茧蜂对其寄生能力的抑制作用最强。经低剂量药剂间接处理后,棉蚜茧蜂处理每头棉蚜所用的时间与对照相比均显著延长,且药剂处理组的最大日寄生量均显著低于对照组。此外,低剂量的啶虫脒和双丙环虫酯均能显著抑制棉蚜茧蜂的寻找效应。研究表明,低剂量啶虫脒和双丙环虫酯对棉蚜茧蜂的寄生作用存在负面影响,这对保护和利用天敌以及指导农药科学合理使用均具有重要参考意义。
  • 图  1  两种杀虫剂对棉蚜茧蜂寻找效应的影响

    A:直接接触;B:间接接触。

    Figure  1.  Effects of two insecticides on the searching efficiency of Lysiphlebia japonica

    A: Direct contact; B: Indirect contact.

    表  1  两种杀虫剂对棉蚜的毒力

    Table  1.   Toxicity of two insecticides to Aphis gossypii

    杀虫剂
    Insecticide
    试虫数
    Number of
    tested insects
    斜率 ± 标准误
    Slope ± SE
    LC5 (95% 置信区间)
    (95% CI)/(mg/L)
    LC30 (95% 置信区间)
    (95% CI)/(mg/L)
    LC50 (95% 置信区间)
    (95% CI)/(mg/L)
    χ2dfP
    双丙环虫酯 afidopyropen 508 1.328 ± 0.433 0.10 (0.002~0.236) 0.68 (0.325~1.243) 1.67 (0.974~8.942) 11.81 15 0.69
    啶虫脒 acetamiprid 550 0.989 ± 0.122 9.6 (3.62~17.77) 130.5 (95.95~171.10) 442.6 (324.9~676.3) 13.85 16 0.61
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  两种杀虫剂对棉蚜茧蜂的毒力

    Table  2.   Toxicity of two insecticides to Lysiphlebia japonica

    杀虫剂
    Insecticide
    试虫数
    Number of
    tested insects
    斜率 ± 标准误
    Slope ± SE
    LD5 (95% 置信区间)
    (95% CI) (μg/cm2)
    LD30 (95% 置信区间)
    (95% CI) (μg/cm2)
    LD50 (95% 置信区间)
    (95% CI) (μg/cm2)
    χ2dfP
    双丙环虫酯 afidopyropen3003.188 ± 0.6576.27 (1.92~10.38)14.09 (7.49~18.71)20.58 (13.90~24.93)10.47160.84
    啶虫脒 acetamiprid2802.008 ± 0.2890.001 (0.000~0.002)0.004 (0.002~0.005)0.007 (0.005~0.008)8.02130.84
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  两种杀虫剂低剂量处理对棉蚜茧蜂寄生能力的影响

    Table  3.   Effects of low doses of two insecticides on the parasitic capacity of Lysiphlebia japonica

    处理方式
    Treatment method
    处理
    Treatment
    棉蚜密度/ (头/皿)
    Aphis gossypii density/(individuals/dish)
    20406080100
    直接接触 Direct contact 双丙环虫酯-LD5 afidopyropen-LD5 8.40 ± 0.55 c 15.80 ± 0.84 c 22.20 ± 1.30 d 26.20 ± 0.84 d 28.80 ± 0.84 c
    双丙环虫酯-LD30 afidopyropen-LD30 7.80 ± 0.84 c 13.20 ± 0.84 d 19.60 ± 1.14 e 24.00 ± 1.00 e 27.60 ± 0.89 cd
    啶虫脒-LD5 acetamiprid-LD5 8.40 ± 0.55 c 15.80 ± 0.84 c 19.00 ± 0.71 ef 23.40 ± 0.55 ef 28.40 ± 1.14 cd
    啶虫脒-LD30 acetamiprid-LD30 6.80 ± 0.84 d 13.20 ± 1.30 d 17.80 ± 0.84 f 21.20 ± 0.84 f 25.80 ± 0.84 d
    间接接触 Indirect contact 双丙环虫酯-LC5 afidopyropen-LC5 14.00 ± 0.84 a 25.80 ± 0.84 a 34.80 ± 1.30 b 41.20 ± 0.84 b 46.00 ± 1.00 a
    双丙环虫酯-LC5 afidopyropen-LC30 10.80 ± 0.84 b 20.80 ± 1.30 b 28.80 ± 0.84 c 34.80 ± 0.84 c 35.80 ± 0.84 b
    啶虫脒-LC5 acetamiprid-LC5 6.80 ± 0.84 d 10.60 ± 0.89 e 15.60 ± 0.89 g 22.20 ± 0.84 f 29.20 ± 0.84 cd
    啶虫脒-LC30 acetamiprid-LC30 4.00 ± 0.71 e 7.20 ± 0.45 f 11.20 ± 0.45 h 14.60 ± 1.14 g 15.40 ± 1.14 e
    对照 Control 14.20 ± 0.45 a 26.40 ± 1.14 a 37.20 ± 0.84 a 43.20 ± 0.84 a 45.20 ± 0.45 a
    注:表中数值为平均值±标准差,同列后不同小写字母表示在0.05水平差异显著 (P<0.05) (单因素方差分析)。Note: The data in the table were presented as mean ± SD and different lowercase in the same column indicated significant differences at 0.05 level by one-way ANOVA.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  各处理功能反应模型拟合结果

    Table  4.   Simulating results of functional response models of all treatments

    处理方式
    Treatment method
    处理
    Treatment
    功能反应方程
    Functional response equation
    相关系数
    Correlation
    coefficient,
    r
    瞬时攻击率
    Instantaneous
    attack rate,
    a
    处理棉蚜时间
    Handling
    time,
    Th/d
    最大理论寄生量
    Maximal parasitic
    amount,
    Namax
    直接接触 Direct contact 双丙环虫酯-LD5 afidopyropen-LD5 Na=0.467N/(1 + 0.005N) 0.952 0.467 0.011 89.653
    双丙环虫酯-LD30 afidopyropen-LD30 Na=0.432N/(1 + 0.006N) 0.980 0.432 0.014 73.016
    啶虫脒-LD5 acetamiprid-LD5 Na=0.487N/(1 + 0.008N) 0.978 0.487 0.016 61.575
    啶虫脒-LD30 acetamiprid-LD30 Na=0.372N/(1 + 0.004N) 0.980 0.372 0.012 86.073
    间接接触 Indirect contact 双丙环虫酯-LC5 afidopyropen-LC5 Na=0.816N/(1 + 0.007N) 0.921 0.816 0.009 113.767
    双丙环虫酯-LC30 afidopyropen-LC30 Na=0.601N/(1 + 0.005N) 0.955 0.601 0.008 118.659
    啶虫脒-LC5 acetamiprid-LC5 Na=0.363N/(1 + 0.005N) 0.973 0.363 0.014 71.201
    啶虫脒-LC30 acetamiprid-LC30 Na=0.289N/(1 + 0.010N) 0.955 0.289 0.033 30.051
    对照 Control Na=0.805N/(1 + 0.006N) 0.911 0.805 0.008 129.138
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2022-01-12
  • 录用日期:  2022-03-17
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-07-07

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