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新疆棉田杂草龙葵对二甲戊灵的抗性水平及多抗性测定

魏迎凤 张全成 查慧 王小丽 王俊刚

魏迎凤, 张全成, 查慧, 王小丽, 王俊刚. 新疆棉田杂草龙葵对二甲戊灵的抗性水平及多抗性测定[J]. 农药学学报. doi: 10.16801/j.issn.1008-7303.2022.0059
引用本文: 魏迎凤, 张全成, 查慧, 王小丽, 王俊刚. 新疆棉田杂草龙葵对二甲戊灵的抗性水平及多抗性测定[J]. 农药学学报. doi: 10.16801/j.issn.1008-7303.2022.0059
WEI Yingfeng, ZHANG Quancheng, ZHA Hui, WANG Xiaoli, WANG Jungang. Determination of resistance level and multi-resistance to pendimethalin of weed Solanum nigrum in Xinjiang cotton fields[J]. Chinese Journal of Pesticide Science. doi: 10.16801/j.issn.1008-7303.2022.0059
Citation: WEI Yingfeng, ZHANG Quancheng, ZHA Hui, WANG Xiaoli, WANG Jungang. Determination of resistance level and multi-resistance to pendimethalin of weed Solanum nigrum in Xinjiang cotton fields[J]. Chinese Journal of Pesticide Science. doi: 10.16801/j.issn.1008-7303.2022.0059

新疆棉田杂草龙葵对二甲戊灵的抗性水平及多抗性测定

doi: 10.16801/j.issn.1008-7303.2022.0059
基金项目: 兵团重大科技项目 (2018AA06-02).
详细信息
    作者简介:

    魏迎凤,465694392@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    王俊刚,wangjungang98@163.com

  • 中图分类号: TQ457;S481.4

Determination of resistance level and multi-resistance to pendimethalin of weed Solanum nigrum in Xinjiang cotton fields

Funds: Supported by the Major Science and Technology Project of the Corps(2018AA06-02).
  • 摘要: 为明确新疆棉田杂草龙葵对二甲戊灵的抗性水平及对其他常用土壤处理型除草剂的多抗性,本研究分别采用培养皿种子检测法和整株植物检测法,测定了采自新疆不同地区的56个龙葵种群对二甲戊灵的抗药性,比较了两种检测方法的差异;依据整株植物检测法的结果,分别选取敏感 (SHZ-8)、中抗 (CJ-2)、高抗 (BL-1) 3个种群,测定了其对扑草净、乙氧氟草醚和丙炔氟草胺的多抗性。结果表明:两种方法检测结果的抗性趋势一致,新疆龙葵对二甲戊灵的整体抗性水平为北疆 > 南疆、东疆,但培养皿种子检测法测得的抗性指数普遍低于整株植物检测法的抗性指数。培养皿检测法结果显示,敏感、低抗、中抗和高抗种群分别占总数的12.5%、71.4%、12.5%和3.6%,整株检测法中该指标分别为5.4%、73.2%、16.0%和5.4%;两种方法检测结果均表明,新疆棉田龙葵对二甲戊灵大多为中到低抗水平。相较于敏感种群SHZ-8,BL-1种群在两种检测方法中相对抗性均最高:培养皿种子检测法的GR50值为90.30 mg/L,抗性指数为20.62;整株植物检测法的GR50值为4805 g/hm2,抗性指数为26.20。多抗性研究发现,BL-1种群对丙炔氟草胺产生了多抗性,而WJQ-2种群对乙氧氟草醚、丙炔氟草胺和扑草净均未产生多抗性。
  • 表  1  龙葵种子采集地点

    Table  1.   Solanum nigrum L. seed collection locations

    采集地点
    Collection location
    地理位置
    Geographic
    location
    种群命名
    Population
    naming
    北疆
    Northern Xinjiang
    石河子市 Shihezi City 122 团 4 连 4 Company, 122st Regiment 44°41′33″N;85°32′48″E SHZ-1
    133 团 9 连 9 Company, 133st Regiment 44°39′42″N;85°17′43″E SHZ-2
    134 团 4 连 4 Company, 134st Regiment 44°39′34″N;85°29′34″E SHZ-3
    141 团 3 连 3 Company, 141st Regiment 44°33′55″N;85°22′55″E SHZ-4
    142 团 3 连 3 Company, 142st Regiment 44°25′43″N;85°21′51″E SHZ-5
    玻璃温室 Glass greenhouse 44°18′54″N;86°03′33″E SHZ-6
    大学实验场 University experimental site 44°18′52″N;86°03′25″E SHZ-7
    南区野樱桃林 Southern district wild cherry forest 44°15′17″N;86°05′04″E SHZ-8
    五家渠市 Wujiaqu City 103 团 6 连 6 Company, 103st Regiment 44°24′23″N;87°28′18″E WJQ-1
    102 团 4 连 4 Company, 102st Regiment 44°16′03″N;87°38′37″E WJQ-2
    昌吉市 Changji City 124 县 124 County 44°04′58″N;87°15′55″E CJ-1
    思源村 Siyuan Village 44°04′39″N;87°11′52″E CJ-2
    奎屯市 Kuitun City 红山二连 Hongshan 2 Company 44°21′58″N;85°01′39″E KT-1
    130 团 6 连 6 Company, 130st Regiment 44°38′34″N;84°54′07″E KT-2
    乌苏市 Wusu City 二十四户乡 Twenty-four Households 44°25′36″N;84°36′28″E WS-1
    王乡庄子 Wangxiang Zhuangzi 44°26′18″N;84°33′14″E WS-2
    博乐市 Bole City 81 团 2 连 2 Company, 81st Regiment 44°43′28″N;82°32′40″E BL-1
    83 团 6 连 6 Company, 83st Regiment 44°31′36″N;82°33′25″E BL-2
    85 团 3 连 3 Company, 85st Regiment 44°51′01″N;82°07′10″E BL-3
    86 团 10 连 10 Company, 86st Regiment 44°51′10″N;82°14′23″E BL-4
    89 团 8 连 8 Company, 89st Regiment 44°49′34″N;82°26′26″E BL-5
    可克达拉市 Cocodala City 63 团 8 连 8 Company, 63st Regiment 43°85′19″N;80°64′12″E KDL-1
    63 团 15 连 15 Company, 63st Regiment 44°04′32″N;80°27′48″E KDL-2
    67 团 2 连 2 Company, 67st Regiment 43°48′34″N;80°42′53″E KDL-3
    玛纳斯县 Manasi County 新湖 23 连 Xinhu 23 Company 44°27′04″N;86°21′04″E MNS-1
    新湖农场 Xinhu Farm 44°32′46″N;86°30′56″E MNS-2
    呼图壁县 Hutubi County 芳草湖 8 连 Fangcaohu 8 Company 44°32′25″N;86°38′06″E HTB-1
    105 团 6 连 6 Company, 105st Regiment 44°26′33″N;87°01′45″E HTB-2
    105 团 5 连 5 Company, 105st Regiment 44°26′30″N;87°01′47″E HTB-3
    东疆
    Eastern Xinjiang
    哈密市 Hami City 二堡农场 Erbao Farm 42°57′53″N;93°13′57″E HM-1
    养路段农场 Yangluduan Farm 42°55′16″N;93°20′38″E HM-2
    火箭农场 Huojian Farm 42°52′27″N;93°31′52″E HM-3
    农科所农场 Agricultural Science Farm 42°51′58″N;93°28′05″E HM-4
    乌拉泉村 Wulaquan Village 42°58′37″N;93°07′08″E HM-5
    吐鲁番市 Tulufan City 鲁克沁镇 Lukeqin Town 42°71′63″N;89°75′27″E TLF-1
    辟展镇 Pizhan Town 42°84′79″N;90°17′23″E TLF-2
    托克逊镇 Tuokexun Town 41°52′41″N;88°40′03″E TLF-3
    石烽镇 Shifeng Town 42°18′14″N;89°08′65″E TLF-4
    南疆
    Southern Xinjiang
    图木舒克市 Tumushuke City 42 团 6 连 6 Company, 42st Regiment 39°15′20″N;77°30′27″E TMK-1
    51 团 11 连 11 Company, 51st Regiment 40°35′17″N;79°25′63″E TMK-2
    51 团 13 连 13 Company, 51st Regiment 35°68′23″N;79°15′76″E TMK-3
    53 团 13 连 13 Company, 53st Regiment 40°26′27″N;79°35′79″E TMK-4
    53 团 15 连 15 Company, 53st Regiment 40°25′41″N;79°35′24″E TMK-5
    喀什市 Kashi City 41 团 7 连 7 Company, 41st Regiment 39°17′85″N;76°13′27″E KS-1
    红旗农场 Hongqi Farm 39°42′16″N;76°14′48″E KS-2
    库尔勒市 Kuerle City 若羌县 Ruoqiang County 39°02′46″N;88°08′14″E KEL-1
    22 团 6 连 6Company, 22st Regiment 42°24′53″N;86°31′25″E KEL-2
    27 团 4 连 4 Company, 27st Regiment 42°03′34″N;86°12′79″E KEL-3
    阿克苏市 Aksu City 温宿县 Wensu County 41°16′73″N;80°11′28″E AKS-1
    新和县 Xinhe County 41°37′18″N;82°53′64″E AKS-2
    库车县 Kuche County 41°54′17″N;82°46′41″E AKS-3
    沙雅县 Shaya County 40°53′80″N;83°11′26″E AKS-4
    阿拉尔市 Alaer City 7 团 8 连 8 Company, 7st Regiment 43°30′70″N;87°27′18″E ALE-1
    9 团 4 连 4 Company, 9st Regiment 40°26′72″N;81°19′69″E ALE-2
    11 团 2 连 2 Company, 11st Regiment 40°31′23″N;81°62′78″E ALE-3
    16 团 11 连 11 Company, 16st Regiment 43°51′28″N;87°49′54″E ALE-4
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  各除草剂用量

    Table  2.   Doses of herbicides

    除草剂
    Herbicides
    有效成分剂量
    Dose, a.i./(g/hm2)
    24% 乙氧氟草醚乳油
    oxyfluorfen 24% EC
    63 126 252 504 1008
    50% 丙炔氟草胺可湿性粉剂
    flumioxazin 50% WP
    0.9375 1.875 3.75 7.5 15
    50% 扑草净悬浮剂
    prometryn 50% SC
    10 20 40 80 160
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  不同龙葵种群对二甲戊灵的抗性水平 (培养皿种子检测法)

    Table  3.   Resistance levels of different Solanum nigrum L. populations to pendimethalin (petri dish seed detection method)

    种群编号
    Population number
    毒力回归方程
    Toxicity regression equation
    相关系数
    Correlation coefficient, r
    GR50/
    (mg/L)
    95% 置信区间
    95% Confidence interval
    抗性指数
    Resistance index, RI
    SHZ-1y=1.1440x + 3.64810.925015.207.418~31.133.47
    SHZ-2y = 1.8937x + 2.82490.978714.089.623~20.603.23
    SHZ-3y = 1.7909x + 3.03740.920112.475.498~28.282.85
    SHZ-4y = 1.0719x + 3.75410.978014.539.930~21.263.32
    SHZ-5y = 1.4156x + 3.06510.998123.2721.31~25.415.31
    SHZ-6y = 1.8138x + 2.75540.974517.2811.86~25.193.95
    SHZ-7y = 0.9706x + 3.82040.927916.428.363~32.233.75
    SHZ-8y = 0.9228x + 4.40820.98654.3792.673~7.1731.00
    WJQ-1y = 1.9595x + 2.35750.972122.3115.78~31.555.09
    WJQ-2y = 2.0786x + 2.32400.991919.3815.90~23.644.43
    CJ-1y = 2.2049x + 2.24010.978717.8512.74~25.014.08
    CJ-2y = 2.0554x + 2.41890.965518.0211.70~27.764.12
    KT-1y = 1.0667x + 3.44200.936528.7411.83~46.316.56
    KT-2y = 1.7367x + 2.83590.968817.6211.65~26.674.02
    WS-1y = 1.8001x + 2.95700.965113.648.276~22.503.11
    WS-2y = 1.6478x + 2.98540.950816.699.704~28.723.81
    BL-1y = 0.9499x + 3.14230.925690.3053.16~153.3820.62
    BL-2y = 1.6161x + 2.77300.940923.8814.48~39.375.45
    BL-3y = 1.1802x + 3.23660.991031.2026.41~26.867.12
    BL-4y = 1.7044x + 2.44860.968231.4022.86~43.127.17
    BL-5y = 1.4979x + 2.45390.968250.0937.61~66.7211.44
    KDL-1y = 0.8891x + 3.78460.980223.2815.52~30.945.32
    KDL-2y = 0.9212x + 3.97450.984812.989.304~18.112.96
    KDL-3y = 1.1606x + 3.71020.987612.929.570~17.452.95
    MNS-1y = 1.8709x + 2.61890.969618.7412.61~27.844.28
    MNS-2y = 1.0640x + 3.67550.988017.5713.63~22.654.01
    HTB-1y = 1.9388x + 2.50950.982819.2614.40~25.704.40
    HTB-2y = 1.8942x + 2.63410.973117.7412.11~25.994.05
    HTB-3y = 2.0151x + 2.39550.983319.6114.77~26.044.48
    HM-1y = 1.7046x + 3.29600.98309.9926.707~14.882.28
    HM-2y = 1.5960x + 3.48380.97018.9135.083~15.632.04
    HM-3y = 1.5843x + 3.33180.975611.307.174~17.792.58
    HM-4y = 1.6777x + 3.30310.946410.275.000~21.082.35
    HM-5y = 1.4433x + 3.56350.90429.8913.594~27.222.26
    TLF-1y = 1.0037x + 3.88930.973312.788.165~20.012.92
    TLF-2y = 1.0974x + 3.57610.976619.8414.18~27.754.53
    TLF-3y = 0.8700x + 4.05190.995012.2910.12~14.932.81
    TLF-4y = 1.2570x + 3.46650.939216.609.012~30.563.79
    TMK-1y = 0.8479x + 4.35270.97105.8003.000~11.221.32
    TMK-2y = 0.5146x + 4.63040.97455.2262.751~9.9261.19
    TMK-3y = 0.9415x + 4.18280.98347.3794.712~11.561.69
    TMK-4y = 0.8705x + 4.10940.968710.556.190~17.972.41
    TMK-5y = 0.9165x + 4.18110.92327.8272.915~21.021.79
    KS-1y = 1.5436x + 3.41510.976910.646.755~16.752.43
    KS-2y = 1.8882x + 2.93050.943112.486.333~24.572.85
    KEL-1y = 1.2199x + 3.67700.946912.156.272~23.532.77
    KEL-2y = 1.0648x + 4.05400.99357.7345.884~10.171.77
    KEL-3y = 1.3246x + 3.73400.95258.1473.862~17.191.86
    AKS-1y = 1.1536x + 3.91380.93128.7413.604~21.202.00
    AKS-2y = 1.2918x + 3.68820.945510.365.032~21.342.37
    AKS-3y = 1.5615x + 3.30720.977412.147.964~18.492.77
    AKS-4y = 1.5019x + 3.53460.99589.4567.742~11.552.16
    ALE-1y = 0.9675x + 3.94960.988812.189.081~16.342.78
    ALE-2y = 1.7479x + 3.21330.971310.526.320~17.522.40
    ALE-3y = 0.9546x + 3.90630.957213.988.066~24.253.19
    ALE-4y = 1.2028x + 3.75690.954110.805.660~20.612.47
    注:种群命名同表 1。Note: Population names are consistent with that in Table 1.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  不同龙葵种群对二甲戊灵的抗性水平 (整株植物检测法)

    Table  4.   Resistance levels of different Solanum nigrum L. populations to pendimethalin (whole plant detection method)

    种群编号
    Population number
    毒力回归方程
    Toxicity regression equation
    相关系数
    Correlation coefficient, r
    GR50, a.i./
    (g/hm2)
    95% 置信区间
    95% Confidence interval
    抗性指数
    Resistance index, RI
    SHZ-1y = 2.2953x − 1.56580.9788725.3633.4~830.73.96
    SHZ-2y = 1.8425x-0.40390.9552856.7700.2~10484.67
    SHZ-3y = 1.3074x + 1.06760.95091018808.3~12825.55
    SHZ-4y = 3.8046x-6.04320.9835799.1710.0~899.54.36
    SHZ-5y = 1.5354x + 0.42970.9805947.2827.0~10845.17
    SHZ-6y = 1.6720x + 0.19850.9832744.3660.4~839.04.06
    SHZ-7y = 1.1883x + 1.20560.996715591436~16948.51
    SHZ-8y = 0.8921x + 2.98090.9725183.4120.2~279.71.00
    WJQ-1y = 1.4261x + 0.63800.98511144999.4~13106.24
    WJQ-2y = 1.3705x + 0.96620.9172877.7659.9~11674.79
    CJ-1y = 1.2930x + 1.17120.9902914.3832.3~10044.99
    CJ-2y = 1.1606x + 1.45020.96641144931.3~14066.24
    KT-1y = 1.3217x + 1.20050.9107749.3559.3~10044.09
    KT-2y = 1.1766x + 1.54870.9901857.4781.6~940.54.68
    WS-1y = 2.1333x-1.18580.9784793.6692.7~909.24.33
    WS-2y = 2.3042x-1.45170.9764630.9542.0~734.33.44
    BL-1y = 1.3618x-0.01370.990548053563~647926.20
    BL-2y = 1.1385x + 1.48170.96421231981.6~15446.71
    BL-3y = 1.0145x + 1.57510.917623761289~438212.96
    BL-4y = 1.3226x + 0.98460.98471086952.4~12395.92
    BL-5y = 1.1078x + 1.10380.991232882602~415417.93
    KDL-1y = 1.0511x + 1.87000.9402950.3742.8~12165.18
    KDL-2y = 1.3911x + 1.02230.9834723.4641.8~815.43.95
    KDL-3y = 1.5928x + 0.34490.9693836.6709.8~986.04.56
    MNS-1y = 1.3881x + 0.90220.9858895.5800.3~10024.88
    MNS-2y = 1.5994x + 0.41380.9825736.9651.8~833.14.02
    HTB-1y = 1.3714x + 1.11590.9992679.5661.6~697.93.71
    HTB-2y = 1.7384x + 0.06430.9813690.5607.0~785.53.77
    HTB-3y = 1.4417x + 0.46830.987713911203~16077.58
    HM-1y = 1.6818x + 0.21210.9517702.8569.1~867.93.83
    HM-2y = 2.1449x-0.73040.9958469.5433.4~508.52.56
    HM-3y = 1.9760x-0.37260.9741523.5436.1~628.52.86
    HM-4y = 1.7204x + 0.38660.9555480.5370.0~624.02.62
    HM-5y = 1.9067x-0.12180.9632485.5384.1~613.72.65
    TLF-1y = 1.1682x + 1.98310.9300382.5254.3~575.32.09
    TLF-2y = 1.3692x + 1.24310.9360554.4418.0~735.53.02
    TLF-3y = 1.0318x + 2.27760.9572435.1329.2~575.22.37
    TLF-4y = 0.8397x + 2.96790.9262263.0149.4~463.11.43
    TMK-1y = 1.8596x-0.13430.9932576.7529.6~628.03.15
    TMK-2y = 1.1515x + 1.79240.9488610.3483.1~770.83.33
    TMK-3y = 1.8109x-0.06540.9667626.9522.3~752.53.42
    TMK-4y = 1.4765x + 0.81330.9878684.7616.9~760.03.73
    TMK-5y = 1.0242x + 2.27290.9678460.0365.9~578.32.51
    KS-1y = 1.8082x-0.01760.9817595.6518.6~683.93.25
    KS-2y = 1.8445x-0.02210.9483528.2406.7~686.02.88
    KEL-1y = 1.7743x + 0.09750.9047579.4411.5~816.03.16
    KEL-2y = 1.1563x + 1.87540.9752503.9419.0~606.12.75
    KEL-3y = 0.7869x + 2.76540.9479691.4554.2~862.63.77
    AKS-1y = 1.5479x + 0.98710.9526391.3283.1~540.72.13
    AKS-2y = 2.1501x-0.86330.9816533.3458.7~619.92.91
    AKS-3y = 1.0151x + 2.31000.9651446.6349.5~570.62.44
    AKS-4y = 0.9502x + 2.51520.9831412.0343.9~493.62.25
    ALE-1y = 1.5713x + 0.70510.9588541.2431.4~679.12.95
    ALE-2y = 0.8811x + 2.97880.9378196.8105.3~367.71.07
    ALE-3y = 1.1054x + 1.90280.9952633.5592.3~677.53.45
    ALE-4y = 0.9798x + 2.39870.9851451.8386.6~528.12.46
    注:种群命名同表 1。Note: Population names are consistent with that in Table 1.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  抗感龙葵种群对棉田常用土壤处理除草剂的多抗性

    Table  5.   Multi-resistance of Solanum nigrum L. to commonly used soil treatment herbicides in cotton fields

    除草剂
    Herbicide
    种群编号
    Population
    number
    毒力回归方程
    Toxicity regression
    equation
    相关系数
    Correlation
    coefficient, r
    GR50, a.i./
    (g/hm2)
    95% 置信区间
    95% Confidence
    interval
    抗性指数
    Resistance index,
    RI
    24% 乙氧氟草醚乳油
    oxyfluorfen 24% EC
    BL-1 y = 1.3079x + 3.5428 0.9653 13.01 8.770~19.29 1.70
    WJQ-2 y = 1.0053x + 3.8610 0.9849 13.58 10.57~17.46 1.78
    SHZ-8 y = 0.9507x + 4.1604 0.9988 7.639 6.968~8.376 1.00
    50% 丙炔氟草胺可湿性粉剂
    flumioxazin 50% WP
    BL-1 y = 0.6436x + 4.6704 0.9952 3.252 2.914~3.629 2.92
    WJQ-2 y = 0.4467x + 4.9718 0.9063 1.156 0.5155~2.594 1.04
    SHZ-8 y = 0.5801x + 4.9727 0.9825 1.115 0.7978~1.557 1.00
    50% 扑草净悬浮剂
    rometryn 50% SC
    BL-1 y = 0.8420x + 3.8201 0.9995 25.19 24.19~26.24 1.85
    WJQ-2 y = 0.6156x + 4.2250 0.9948 18.15 15.68~21.01 1.33
    SHZ-8 y = 0.5980x + 4.3214 0.9480 13.64 7.846~23.71 1.00
    注:种群命名同表 1。Note: Population names are consistent with that in Table 1.
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2022-03-01
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