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农药雾滴雾化沉积飘失研究进展

王潇楠 齐鹏 于聪伟 何雄奎

王潇楠, 齐鹏, 于聪伟, 何雄奎. 农药雾滴雾化沉积飘失研究进展[J]. 农药学学报, 2022, 24(5): 1065-1079. doi: 10.16801/j.issn.1008-7303.2022.0111
引用本文: 王潇楠, 齐鹏, 于聪伟, 何雄奎. 农药雾滴雾化沉积飘失研究进展[J]. 农药学学报, 2022, 24(5): 1065-1079. doi: 10.16801/j.issn.1008-7303.2022.0111
WANG Xiaonan, QI Peng, YU Congwei, HE Xiongkui. Research and development of atomization, deposition and drift of pesticide droplets[J]. Chinese Journal of Pesticide Science, 2022, 24(5): 1065-1079. doi: 10.16801/j.issn.1008-7303.2022.0111
Citation: WANG Xiaonan, QI Peng, YU Congwei, HE Xiongkui. Research and development of atomization, deposition and drift of pesticide droplets[J]. Chinese Journal of Pesticide Science, 2022, 24(5): 1065-1079. doi: 10.16801/j.issn.1008-7303.2022.0111

农药雾滴雾化沉积飘失研究进展

doi: 10.16801/j.issn.1008-7303.2022.0111
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(31761133019);国家现代农业产业技术体系(CARS-28-20,CARS-32-13)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    王潇楠,wangxiaonan@gdaas.cn

    齐鹏,qi-peng@139.com

    通讯作者:

    何雄奎,xiongkui@cau.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: S252.3;TQ450.1

Research and development of atomization, deposition and drift of pesticide droplets

Funds: the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31761133019); China Agriculture Research System (CARS-28-20, CARS-32-13).
  • 摘要: 农药、植保机械与施药技术为植物化学保护的三大支柱,其中施药技术是连接农药学科和植保机械学科的关键环节,是农药从研发到田间应用的“最后一公里”。农药科学使用并不是一个简单的选择农药和施药量的药物学问题,而是涉及作物学、植物保护学、农业工程学、气象学等多学科交叉的系统工程。本文就农药雾滴雾化与运动特性、沉积与分布状态、流失与飘失行为,以及害虫行为与农药雾滴雾化运动和沉积分布关系等方面的研究进展展开综述,总结该方面的理论与实践经验,可为提高植保机械水平与施药质量、提高农药利用率与防治效果、减轻农药负面影响、提高粮食与食品安全提供参考。
  • 图  1  农药雾化沉积全程及影响因素

    Figure  1.  Pesticide atomization deposition process and the influence of its factors

    图  2  液膜破碎形成喷雾雾滴的原理图[27]

    Figure  2.  Schematic of a plane liquid sheet breakup leading to spray formation[27]

    图  3  雾滴形成方式[36]

    Figure  3.  Droplet breakup method[36]

    图  4  Cassie 润湿模型[48]

    Figure  4.  Cassie wetting model[48]

    图  5  Cassie-Baxter模型[49]

    Figure  5.  Cassie-Baxter Model[49]

    图  6  润湿方式[50]

    a. Cassieair捕获;b. Wenzel方式;c. Cassie浸渍;d. 混合方式。       

    Figure  6.  Wetting regimes[50]

    a. The Cassieair-trapping; b. The Wenzel; c. The Cassie impregnating; d. Mixed.

    图  7  不同大小雾滴在靶标上的沉积方式[24]

    a. 破裂/弹跳;b. 雾滴沉积 (最佳喷雾粒径);c. 雾滴流失/飘失 (细与及极细雾滴);d. 雾滴流失 (大与特大细雾滴)。

    Figure  7.  The deposition mode of different size of droplets on the target[24]

    a. Rupture/bounce; b. Droplet deposition (optimum spray size); c. Droplet loss/drift (fine and very fine droplets); d. Droplet loss (large & extra fine droplets).

    图  8  液滴变形过程示意图[53]

    a. 黏附;b. 反弹;c. 铺展;d. 沸腾破碎;e. 反弹破碎;f. 破碎;g.飞溅。

    Figure  8.  Schematic diagram of droplet deformation process[53]

    a. Adherence; b. Rebound; c. Spread out; d. Boiling crushing; e. Rebound crushing; f. Crushing; g. Splash.

    图  9  雾滴聚并的几种不同情况[72]

    Figure  9.  Several different cases of droplet aggregation[72]

    图  10  自然风速下雾滴飘失

    a. 自然顺风;b. 自然侧风;c. 顺风飘失;d. 侧风飘失;e. 蒸发飘失;f. 飘失。

    Figure  10.  Droplet drift at natural wind speed

    a. Natural downwind; b. Natural sidewind; c. Downwind drift; d. Sidewind drift; e. Vapor drift; f. Drift loss.

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  • 收稿日期:  2022-08-26
  • 录用日期:  2022-09-19
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